GWIE | Gradute Writing Institute for Excellence

[ Prewriting ]

  • Pre-writing involves writing before you write! In other words, before formally commencing the first draft of your research paper, you will have done quite a bit of writing already— in the form of notes, annotations, and paraphrases, etc. If you’ve done an adequate job pre-writing, you will have generated content you can include in the first draft of the paper itself.

  • As Professor Rick Hanson (Fresno State) states, “The greatest block to writing is lack of information.” How do we generate ideas (i.e., information)? Certainly, our own memories, thoughts, and observations come in to play, but without encountering ideas and information from others, how will we inform our own?

  • The following resources help you to generate ideas and organize them coherently: