GWIE | Gradute Writing Institute for Excellence

[ Philosophy of CAPAL Learning ]


PEGS encourages academic and professional communities through facilitation of Cross-Aged, Peer-Assisted Learning (CAPAL) opportunities. CAPAL and Peer-Assisted Learning (PAL) are supplemental, instructional methodologies that involve a more knowledgeable, more experienced student assisting a less knowledgeable, less experienced student with various academic conventions, concepts, and criteria or other class-related material. PAL involves promoting a deeper level of learning with minimal intervention, or scaffolding, with the expectation that instruction will gradually lessen as the student gains greater understanding. Both PAL and CAPAL tutoring approaches may be utilized during one-on-one or small group sessions. PAL pairs students of relatively the same age; however, CAPAL typically pairs an older, more experienced student with a younger, novice student.



Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies was found to have potentially positive effects on comprehension for adolescent learners.

Program Description

Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS) is a peer-tutoring instructional program that supplements the primary reading curriculum. Pairs of students work together on reading activities intended to improve reading accuracy, fluency, and comprehension. Students in the pairs—who alternately take on the roles of tutor and tutee—read aloud, listen to their partner read, and provide feedback during various structured activities. Teachers train students to use the following learning strategies: passage reading with partners, paragraph “shrinking” (or describing the main idea), and prediction relay (predicting what is likely to happen next in the passage). ThePeer-Assisted Learning Strategies reading program includes separate versions for kindergarten, grade 1, grades 2–6, and high school.